Breaking Down Roofing and Attic Ventilation Options

roofing attic ventilation options

There are a few concepts that will be important for the long-term care of your roof and related home components, and one of these is the theme of ventilation. This is a concept that covers both the roof itself and the attic area that typically lays underneath the roof, and it’s important for ensuring that several possible threats aren’t able to form or grow in this area.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re happy to assist Salt Lake City and nearby clients with a huge range of roof replacements, roof repairs and many other roofing services. We regularly help clients with all their roof and attic ventilation needs, including informing them of their various vent type options and which would likely be ideal for their roof. Why are roof vents important in the first place, and what are some of the main options available in this area? Here’s a simple primer.

Why Roof Vents Are Important

First and foremost, let’s go over why roof vents are important — which starts with a breakdown of the two general roof vent types:

  • Intake vents: These vents bring fresh air into the attic, and they do so by opening up small spaces in the lower part of the roof.
  • Exhaust vents: These vents help to push hot air out of the attic, and they do this by opening up small spaces near the peak of the roof.

You might be wondering why you need both types of vents — after all, couldn’t you just have exhaust vents to get rid of the hot air? The answer is that you need both types to create a continuous airflow, which helps to ensure that the temperature in the attic stays regulated. It also helps to prevent moisture buildup, which can cause all sorts of problems like mold growth and wood rot.

Not only this, but this kind of dual setup also keeps the air from your attic out of the rest of your home, which is important for maintaining good indoor air quality. Our next several sections will go over the different types of roof/attic ventilation that are available, plus which might be ideal for your setup.

Box Vents

Also known as low-profile vents or “static” vents, box vents are a type of exhaust vent that contain absolutely no moving parts of any kind. They’re installed on top of a hole that’s cut into the roof, with their main purpose being to let hot air escape while also keeping rain, snow and other debris from getting into the attic.

One of the main advantages of box vents is that they’re incredibly easy to install, which helps to keep costs down. Not only this, but they don’t require any kind of maintenance whatsoever since they don’t have any moving parts. The tradeoff is that they’re not as effective at removing hot air from the attic as some of the other options on this list, which is why they’re typically used in conjunction with another type of vent.

Wind Turbines

Another “passive” form of exhaust vent is the wind turbine, which is also known by the name “whirlybird.” These vents don’t have any moving parts either, and they work by using the wind to create a kind of suction that pulls hot air out of the attic.

Wind turbines are often used in conjunction with box vents or other types of exhaust vents, and they can be a great way to supplement the ventilation in your attic. That said, they’re not right for every situation — especially if you live in an area with very little wind, in which case they might not do much of anything.

Ridge Vents

Also known as continuous ridge vents, these exhaust vents are installed on the ridge of the roof, which is the horizontal line that runs along the peak. They work by providing an unobstructed path for hot air to escape, and they’re often used in conjunction with soffit vents (more on these in a second).

One of the main advantages of ridge vents is that they’re very effective at removing hot air from the attic, and they can even be used as the sole form of ventilation in some cases. That said, they can be difficult and costly to install — especially if your roof isn’t designed to accommodate them.

Soffit Vents

As we just mentioned, soffit vents are installed on the soffits of a roof, which is the area where the roof overhang meets the exterior wall of the house. These vents work by providing a way for air to flow into the attic, which helps to balance out the airflow and prevents hot air from getting trapped.

Soffit vents are a great option for most homes, and they can be used in conjunction with other types of vents. They’re commonly utilized alongside ridge vents, for instance.

Power Vents

These vents utilize fans that are powered by electricity, and they’re often used in attics that are particularly large or poorly ventilated. Power vents work by actively drawing air out of the attic, which helps to ensure that the temperature stays regulated.

Cupola Vents

While these are sometimes considered decorative features, cupola vents can actually be quite functional as well. They work in a similar way to ridge vents, providing an unobstructed path for hot air to escape.

Gable Vents

Finally, gable vents are quite high up on the side of your home, and can work as either an intake or exhaust vent depending on how they’re installed. These vents are often used in conjunction with soffit vents to ensure proper airflow.

To learn more about any of your roof and attic ventilation options, or for more on our roof repairs or other roofing services in SLC or nearby areas, speak to our team at The Roof Doctor today.

Will My Homeowners Insurance Policy Cover a Snow Damaged Roof?

Will My Homeowners Insurance Policy Cover a Snow Damaged Roof?

Winter can impact your home more than any other season, and you may end up with an unsightly snow damaged roof. 

Heavy snowfall, ice, ice dams, and water from melted snow are the main culprits of this type of damage. Learn more about home insurance policies as they pertain to snow damage below. 

Potentially Covered Damage

A homeowner’s insurance policy may cover damage that is a direct result of winter weather events, including:

  • Damage from wind-driven snow
  • A tree collapsing on your home
  • Frozen or burst pipes
  • Roof collapse
  • Ice dams

However, it is important to note that not all policies are crafted the same, so what one company covers may not be covered by another company, and vice-versa. Moreover, most insurance providers require policyholders to take reasonable steps to prevent losses. 

For instance, if the damage was preventable and occurred due to your negligence in part, your claim may be denied. We recommend going over your policy carefully. If you are unsure of what is and is not covered, talk to your insurance agent. 

The best step you can take to preserve your roof’s integrity is to incorporate snow damage prevention into your home maintenance checklist. 

Expert Tips to Prevent Snow Damage

Routine home maintenance is a must to get your claim paid. If you ever need to file a claim, these preventative measures may help strengthen your case. 

Prune Your Trees: Strong gusts of wind and snowstorms can cause your trees to blow away, damaging your roof. 

Clean Your Gutters Each Fall: Leaves and other debris can cause water to back up, freezing your gutters in the winter 

Point Downspouts Away: When snow begins to melt, the water will not be able to pool around your foundation if you point your downspouts away.

Keep Track of Snowfall: Unfortunately, some storms can drop huge amounts of snow on your roof. The Roof Doctor can clear snow from your roof in a safe and effective manner. 

Schedule Routine Maintenance: The sooner a problem is caught, the sooner it can be fixed, which is why our professional roofers encourage preventative care. We conduct annual maintenance checks to make sure everything’s on the up and up. 

Contact The Roof Doctor

A snow damaged roof is a burden that no homeowner should have to deal with. The Roof Doctor can perform annual routine maintenance on your roof and ensure that your roof is in top condition. In the event that your roof is damaged due to snow and you file an insurance claim, we can review the Statement of Loss from your provider and note any items they may have missed.

We serve various cities across Utah, including Salt Lake City, Tooele, Ogden, Layton, Orem, Provo, Bountiful, and more. Get in touch with us today for a free estimate.

5 Tips to Protect Your Flat Roof from Snow Damage

5 Tips to Protect Your Flat Roof from Snow Damage

As a Utah homeowner, you must understand how to protect your flat roof from snow damage, especially with the snow starting to fall. 

Snow might be inconvenient, but it can also create major problems for your home. Unattended snow loads can lead to ice dams, leaking, and structural flaws. 

Here are five tips to help you protect your roof this upcoming winter season. 

 1. Water Proof Your Flat Roof 

A great way to strengthen your roof’s defense against rain, ice, and snow is to waterproof it using waterproof membranes. This watertight sheet will last about 20-30 years. Waterproofing seals cracks, prevents leaks, protects the surface, and will help keep your roof structurally sound.

 2. Regularly Inspect Your Roof 

You should inspect your roof with the changing seasons. As you transition into winter, you specifically want to check that draining avenues are in working order, remove any leaves or other debris, and check the flashings for caulking flaws. A professional inspection is the most effective way to ensure that your roof is ready for winter.

3. Clear Gutters and Drain Spouts 

While doing your yearly fall cleanup, be sure to clean out all gutters and drain spouts. Your flat roof should have at least one drain hub. If you notice pooling or clogging, contact your roofing company for assistance. 

If your drains are blocked with leaves, twigs, or other debris, that can cause a leak when melted snow turns to water and has nowhere to go. Blocked drains could also lead to more serious problems like ice dams.

4. Make Sure Your Roof is Properly Insulated 

An attic acts as an insulation buffer between the heat inside of a home and the roof. Flat roofs do not offer the same attic space as a sloped roof. Without proper insulation, the indoor heat can cause the snow on your roof to melt. Protect your flat roof from excess damage by making sure it is properly insulated before winter hits.

 5. Clear Away Snow 

Be proactive about clearing large amounts of snowfall from your roof. Take caution as you are clearing away snow so as not to damage any pipes or vents. Instead of climbing on the slippery roof, we recommend using a snow rake. If snow loads become too great for you to safely handle, call in a professional for assistance. 

The Roof Doctor Can Help 

The licensed roofing contractors at The Roof Doctor can help you protect your flat roof from snow damage this winter. We perform storm damage repairs and snow removal in addition to our installation services. You can count on us to fix any issues so that you can rest worry-free this winter. 

We serve various cities in Utah, including the Salt Lake Valley, Tooele, Layton, Ogden, Bountiful, Orem, and Provo. Contact us today.


What Can I Do If I Can’t Afford a New Roof?

What Can I Do If I Can’t Afford a New Roof

An existing aging roof or damage from a major storm may result in a costly investment, and many homeowners don’t have the money to replace a new roof. If you’re in this predicament, you may wonder what you can do. Keep reading to learn your options in affording roof repair and protect your home.

Options to Consider

According to, homeowners spend an average of $877 to repair a roof, with small repair costs anywhere from $150 to $400, but major repairs can run between $350 and $1,420. Here are some options for you to consider if you’re low on money and need a roof repair.

Finance Repair Costs

If you can’t afford repairs on your roof, there are several financing options available to help you. Putting the cost on a credit card (even if it’s temporary) ensures you get the repairs you need and time to pay off the charges. A personal loan is another option you can consider as well that allows you to pay monthly payments.

Apply for a Grant

Many home improvement and renovation grants are available from local, state, and federal governments. One standard grant for a roof repair and replacement includes the Weatherization Assistance Program. There is also the Section 504 Home Repair program for financial assistance. Consider the Very Low-Income Housing Repair program by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. These assistance programs enable homeowners to improve, repair, or upgrade your home. Interest rates for these grants or loans are typically low.

These programs apply to:

  • Disabled people
  • Elderly people
  • Low or moderate-income homeowners

Reach out to Your Network

There are some things you can DIY, but roof work can be a dangerous task. If done improperly, it can result in further damage. Check out social media and see if there are people that can help with small repairs. For major roof repair or replacement, it’s best to contact a licensed roofing contractor.

Refinance Your Home

A home improvement loan that includes refinancing your home involves the FHA 203K Refinance Loan and is a good option. This loan is designed explicitly for needed repairs. Before financing, contact a financial expert to get advice about refinancing since this is a big decision that can impact you in the future. Whatever loan you choose, ensure you get a reasonable interest rate and agreeable loan terms.

Save the Money

If you can wait for some months before repairing your roof, that can give you time to save the funds. Go through your budget and see how you can cut costs. Spending less on entertainment and food can rack up the savings quicker than you realize.

The Roof Doctor is an Affordable Option

Roof repair and replacement can be expensive. With the Roof Doctor, you can get financing options that best fit your budget. We can ensure you get affordable, excellent service with our licensed and experienced roofing contractors. Give us a call or visit us to get a free estimate today.

How Much Does it Cost to Maintain Roofs?

What Can I Do If I Can’t Afford a New Roof


A well-maintained roof should last over 20 years, but how much does it cost to maintain that roof? Twenty years is a long time, and homeowners should understand exactly how to care for their roof, what to expect in terms of maintenance, and when they might have to replace the roof.

The roof is easy to neglect and easy to forget, but it’s also fairly easy to maintain as long as you’re aware. Read up on our best roof maintenance tips and general estimates.

How Much Does it Cost to Maintain Roofs?

The short answer? Nothing. If you are a hands-on homeowner, own a ladder, and can commit to regular observation of your roof, maintaining your roof for 20+ years will cost you absolutely nothing.

No Cost Roof Maintenance

  • Gutter Cleaning: your gutters should be cleaned twice a year. We recommend cleaning out the detritus of winter when spring starts to bloom, and then again after all the leaves have fallen in late autumn. Be careful on your ladder, but be sure each inch is clear to prevent mold, water damage, and attracting animals and insects.
  • Attic Checks: at least once a year you need to inspect the attic or the areas of your home immediately below the roof. Check for mold, drafts, discoloration, drips or leaks, signs of animal life. As unpleasant as it might be to climb into a cramped attic, it can show indications of wear and tear that need to be addressed immediately.
  • General Observation: keeping an eye on your roof helps you notice if there are patches of standing water, missing shingles, loose flashing, or any other issues. It can help to take a photo of your roof from all angles each time you clean the gutters so you can see any changes. Changes are sometimes incremental and hard to notice day-to-day, but comparing photos taken over time can show dramatic changes.

$200-$1000 Roof Maintenance

Tree Trimming: your trees, bushes, and surrounding foliage should have no contact with the exterior of the home. Not only can trees scratch and wear down the exterior and roof of your home, they can also provide a bridge for animals and insects straight to your home.

Roof Patching: Small areas of damage, loose flashing, missing shingles, gutter problems, and other minor roof issues will likely cost you a few hundred dollars depending on the size and severity of the problem. Still, any roof problem is likely to grow into a bigger issue over time so don’t put this off.

$4,000+ Roof Maintenance

  • Roof Replacement: for roofs older than 20 years or facing significant damage, a roof expert will recommend a full replacement.

Call the Roof Doctor

We hope that regular roof maintenance doesn’t cost you a dime, but if you find yourself needing a little more help to keep your roof in shape—call our Roof Doctors today.