Basic Spring Roof Care Elements to Consider

spring roof care elements

While this Utah winter has seemingly lasted forever, and indeed is one of the longest and most significant on record, we’re finally seeing some light at the end of the tunnel. Spring is around the corner, and this is a chance for homeowners to check on several components of their properties – and one of the most notable here in many cases is the roof.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re proud to offer comprehensive roof repair, roof installation and other roof services for clients around Salt Lake City, West Valley City and West Jordan. Whether on your own or with help from our professionals wherever necessary, here are a few important spring themes to be looking at to help evaluate any issues from the prior winter, plus ensure your setup is ready to go for the warm season.

Simple Visual Inspection

One of the first things to do is a simple visual inspection. Look for any signs of damage, such as missing shingles or sheet metal, water stains on the interior of your ceiling, or cracks in your gutters. If you find anything, it’s time to call in professional help from The Roof Doctor.

Pay particular attention to the areas of your roof near exhaust vents, flashings and chimneys. These areas are well-known trouble spots that can be easily compromised during a harsh winter season.

Gutter Inspection and Cleanout

A related component that’s extremely important to look at is your gutters. Check for signs of damage, clogs or any other possible issues that could be causing problems with water drainage. Clogs can form quickly during the springtime when leaves and debris start to accumulate in the gutters.

Cleaning this out regularly is key to making sure your roof stays in tip-top shape. The Roof Doctor can help here as well, with advanced gutter cleaning services to ensure your gutters are in top condition and ready for the spring season.

Check for any Fungus, Mold or Algae

Especially after a winter that contained as much snow and moisture as the one we just went through, it’s important to keep an eye out for signs of fungus, mold or algae growth on your roof. This can be a sign that there is too much moisture in the environment and can potentially lead to more damaging problems if left unchecked.

If you do find any of these signs, it’s important to call in an expert right away. The Roof Doctor can help with advanced solutions to get your roof back in the best possible condition and ready for the warm months ahead.

Look for Nests or Buildups

As you’re going through your visual inspection, make sure to be on the lookout for nests or other types of buildup that could be occurring across different areas of your roof. Birds and other animals can make homes in shingles and gutters if they’re not properly maintained – so it’s important to check these areas as well.

In many of these cases, it will be easy to remove or relocate any type of animal or insect buildup. Alternatively, The Roof Doctor can also help with specially designed solutions to keep unwanted guests away from your home in the future.

Don’t Pressure Wash

We also think it’s prudent to go over some things you should not be doing when it comes to your roof. In particular, pressure washing is not recommended for any type of roof – and this one especially with the tough winter weather we just experienced.

Pressure washing can damage shingles and other areas of your roof, as well as potentially blow away protective sealants that have been put in place. While it’s typically okay to use a basic hose or other types of mechanical tools to clean off the surface, do not use a pressure washer or any type of harsh chemical when it comes to your roof.

Safety is Always First

If you’re performing any of these checks or inspections on your own, be sure to take all necessary safety precautions. Wear proper clothing and footwear, use a ladder in the proper manner with someone holding it for you, and never work on a roof during inclement weather – or anytime there’s even a chance of rain.

And if you’re even slightly uncomfortable with any of the requirements involved here, you should not proceed. Simply call The Roof Doctor instead – and leave the roof inspection, cleaning, and repairs up to the professionals. We’re happy to take your call for this or any other roofing need you have in SLC, West Jordan or West Valley City!

Understanding Roofing Underlayments and Their Role

understanding roofing underlayments role

There are several important components that play a role in the typical roof and its ability to protect structures, and knowing about these is helpful for many home and building owners. One great example here that’s less well-known than certain other roofing components is known as roofing underlayment.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re happy to help with a wide variety of roof installation and repair services for shingled roofs, slate roofs, shake roofs and many other types for clients in Salt Lake City and West Jordan. What exactly is roofing underlayment, which types of underlayment are out there today, and what important roles does underlayment play in maintaining your roof’s quality? Here are some basics.

Roofing Underlayment and Deck Basics

To fully understand how roofing underlayments work, you also have to know about roof decks and their role. The roof deck, also sometimes referred to as roof sheathing, is made from plywood, OSB, wood planks, or skip sheathing, and involves boards fastened onto rafters or trusses to form the surface for roofing products and materials.

Roof underlayment is installed over the roof deck, typically above a layer of self-adhering membrane located at the eaves. It offers secondary protection from several elements, such as ice damming and wind-driven rain.

Specific Purposes of Underlayment

While your roof’s shingles are its primary defense against things like the sun’s rays, precipitation, wind, ice and more, the underlayment is a secondary form of protection here as well. It serves a few important roles:

  • Safety in case of shingle blow-off: In cases where severe weather may tear off shingles, the underlayment is an additional layer of protection against water intrusion. This is vital if the shingles are not quickly repaired or replaced following a severe storm.
  • Moisture protection: The underlayment helps to protect your roof deck in case of any moisture that may leak through the shingle layer – it prevents water from saturating and damaging the plywood and other underlying materials.
  • Ice dam prevention: During the winter, ice dams can form on roofs and cause water to back up onto the deck. This is where underlayment helps once again. It adds another layer of protection to help prevent damage from ice buildup on your roof.
  • Assistance with shingle installation: Since underlayments are applied before shingles during roof installations, they help protect the entire roof deck while the shingle materials are being installed making shingle installation much easier.

Types of Underlayment

Today, there are several types of underlayments that each have their own specific benefits in terms of protection, cost and ease-of-installation. Here are some of the top options:

  • Felt underlayment: The oldest and perhaps most well-known type of underlayment among homeowners is felt paper. It’s made from layers of either organic or fiberglass material and can offer a good level of protection against moisture. This type is also sometimes known as “tar paper” and comes in a couple different weight options. It’s commonly found on shingle, slate or wood shingles, though its use may depend on the region and the weather.
  • Self-adhered underlayment: If you’re looking for an underlayment with great water resistance, self-adhered options come with high levels of asphalt and rubber polymers. This type of underlayment is also known as “ice and water shield”. And as its name suggests, this type has a sticky back and can be easily applied to any roof. It’s commonly used in high-leak-risk areas like valleys, eaves, dormers and rakes.
  • Synthetic underlayment: Synthetic materials are gaining traction in the roofing industry due to their superior resistance to water, as well as their light weight and easy installation. They’re also designed for better breathability than felt or self-adhered options, which helps with ventilation during hot summer. They’re resistant to mold and mildew growth, as well as punctures and tears in cases of strong winds.

Protecting Your Underlayment

While roof underlayment typically won’t need much maintenance, there may be times when it’s necessary to inspect or repair any sections that have been damaged by debris, weather or other elements. It is important to remember to follow all safety guidelines while inspecting and maintaining your roof underlayment, such as using a safety harness and ladder.

One particular concern is if you notice missing shingles that have exposed your underlayment. In these cases, be sure to check if the underlying material is still intact and not showing signs of damage from water intrusion. If this is the case, it’s a good idea to replace any shingles as soon as possible to prevent further damage or potential leaks in the future.

By understanding roof underlayment and its many benefits, you can ensure that your roof is well-protected and able to withstand any weather conditions. For more here, or to learn about any of our roofing installations or other services for SLC and West Jordan clients, speak to our team at The Roof Doctor today.

All You Need to Know About Roof Warranties

need know roof warranties

Warranties are a common topic when you’re dealing with high-value items, and particularly in the world of real estate. One home component that will often be covered by a warranty of some type is your roof, and knowing how roof warranties work and what’s covered under yours is typically very important.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re happy to discuss warranties and other forms of protection for any of our new roofing products, which include slate roofs, metal roofs and many other options. What are the different kinds of roof warranties that might be available to you, how do you understand which areas are covered within yours, and what else do you need to know here? Let’s have a look at this important area.

Roof Warranty Basics and Types

For those who are buying a new roof or having one installed, warranties typically come in two types. These are:

  1. Manufacturer’s Warranty – This warranty is provided by the company who manufactured your roofing material and is generally valid for around 10 to 20 years. It will cover any defects that occur as a result of the manufacturing process, such as issues with the materials used.
  2. Installation Warranty – This warranty is provided by the roofing contractor and will cover any issues that arise as a result of their installation processes. Generally, these warranties are in effect for up to one year post-installation and they’ll protect you from any issues or damage resulting from faulty workmanship on the part of the contractor.

What’s Covered?

When it comes to knowing what is and isn’t covered under your roof warranty, you’ll need to read through your specific contract carefully. For manufacturer warranties, some of the elements covered will typically include:

  • All major components of the roof, including shingles, flashing and sealants
  • Any manufacturer defects that may be present
  • Water damage from faulty shingle installation

It’s vital to keep in mind that with many roof manufacturers, there will be strict conditions attached to their manufacturing warranties. For instance, they may only cover a product if a defect specifically results in a leak, plus if the installation was carried out exactly to manufacturer specifications. It’s very important to be sure you know these particulars for any warranty you receive from a manufacturer.

For installation warranties, the coverage will usually include:

  • Any problems caused by faulty workmanship on the part of the contractor
  • Malfunctioning parts due to improper installation

It’s important to remember that while these warranties will cover any of the issues above, they won’t typically cover things such as wear and tear or storm damage. If you’re looking for protection in those areas, you may need to look into getting an additional roof insurance policy.

Limited, Lifetime and Extended Warranties

You may see a few different terms used when it comes to roof warranties, such as limited, lifetime and extended warranties. A limited warranty is one that only covers certain elements of the installation or material for a set period of time. Lifetime warranties are usually reserved for higher-end materials, like metal roofs, and they cover those materials indefinitely against any manufacturer defects.

Finally, an extended warranty is an additional policy that can cover your roof beyond the terms of the original warranty. This is a good option for those who want extra protection and peace of mind.

The GAF Golden Pledge Warranty

At The Roof Doctor, we’re proud to offer one of the single best warranties in the entire roofing industry: The GAF Golden Pledge Warranty. This is a limited lifetime warranty, meaning you’ll always be covered in some way, and it is completely non-prorated for the first 50 years. Here are some of the elements that make the GAF Golden Pledge Warranty so valuable:

  • 25-year workmanship warranty: Not only is this a very long period of time for any workmanship warranty, this warranty is relatively flexible. It covers even situations where a product was misapplied or improperly installed, unlike many others.
  • Wind warranty: For those in windy areas, this warranty carries wind coverage up to 130 mph – the only exception here is the Timberline HDZ, which actually comes with an infinite wind warranty instead!
  • Fully transferable: If you’re looking to sell your home or building in the near future, this warranty is easy to transfer.
  • Fully backed by GAF: GAF, a leader in the roofing industry, backs this warranty in full. Even if the contractor you’re working with goes out of business or has some other issue, GAF will send a different Master Elite contractor and will cover the entire bill. In fact, at The Roof Doctor, we proudly serve as the first contractor GAF calls in the greater SLC area when there’s a problem with another contractor – this is due to our reliability and consistency.

Roof warranties are an important part of owning any property, but knowing exactly what is and isn’t covered and whether a warranty can be transferred is often the key to making sure you’re properly protected. Be sure to read through your specific contract carefully and ask any questions you may have of your roofing manufacturer and contractor before signing on the dotted line.

This will help ensure that you understand exactly what type of coverage you’re getting – and that you can trust it to protect your property for years to come.

For more here, or to learn about any of our roof installation or roof repair services, speak to our team at The Roof Doctor today.

Considering Ice or Water Barriers for Your Roof

ice water barriers roof

We’re smack dab in the middle of the Utah winter currently, and the roof is one of several key home or building components that owners will be looking to protect from the elements. For certain roof systems, particularly those that have dealt with moisture issues in the past, certain specific items or accessories might be useful here, and the best example is the world of ice and water barriers.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re happy to assist clients with all of their roof needs, including installation of slate roofs, metal roofs and many others. We’ll sit down with you to discuss any issues your roof is having, including situations where you believe ice or water barriers might be useful for your setup. What exactly are these barriers, what are the key issues they help protect against, and should you consider them for your roof? Let’s have a look.

What Are Ice and Water Roof Barriers?

For those who are unfamiliar with these products, ice and water barriers for roofs refer to various forms of underlayment that are applied beneath the shingles and other roof coverings. They are typically applied directly to roof decking, and seal tightly around the nails. The primary purpose of these barriers is to provide an additional layer of protection against water infiltration, should there be any penetration or cracks in the shingle system.

Ice and water barriers also help protect against major temperature swings that could lead to ice-dam formation, which can cause tears or breaks in the roof and result in costly repairs. These barriers also help to prevent leaks by providing an additional layer of protection that’s designed to be watertight for many years.

Specific Risks Ice and Water Barriers Protect From

There are several risks that ice and water barriers protect against, primarily related to moisture buildup:

  • Ice dams: One of the most potentially worrisome risks for a roof is the formation of ice dams. In extreme cold weather, water can freeze along the edges of your roof and form a dam-like structure which prevents further melting snow from properly draining off your roof. This can result in major leaks inside your home or building, potentially leading to many thousands of dollars in damages. But with an ice and water barrier installed, you can minimize the risks of ice dams forming.
  • Water infiltration: Even in moderate climates without heavy snowfall or extreme temperature swings, normal rainfall can still cause leaks within your roof if it breaches any cracks or gaps in the shingle system. An ice and water barrier helps to protect against this by providing an extra layer of moisture-proofing that helps keep water out.
  • Gutter clogs: Another risk related to extreme cold weather is the potential for gutters and drains to become clogged with ice. This can result in water pooling up on your roof, leading to a range of issues including structural damage from increased weight and further moisture infiltration through the shingle system if not addressed quickly. The extra layer of protection provided by an ice and water barrier can help to mitigate these risks.
  • Wind damage: Finally, wind-driven rain and storms can also cause damage to roofs if not properly protected. An ice and water barrier provides an extra layer of protection that helps keep wind-driven rain out of the shingle system, minimizing the risks of potential leaks in these types of scenarios.

Areas of the Roof Where Ice or Water Barriers Are Placed

While ice and water barriers can technically be placed just about anywhere, here are some of the most common locations where they’ll be installed on roofs:

  • Eaves: Because the edges of a typical roof are exposed, they can be particularly vulnerable to water damage in extreme weather. Installing an ice and water barrier along the eaves of your roof can help protect it from any moisture infiltration.
  • Valley flashing: Valley flashing is a special type of flashing that runs in between two sections of the roof at a 90-degree angle, typically where two sloping surfaces meet. It’s important to use a special ice and water barrier product when installing this type of flashing, as it helps keep moisture out and protect your roof from any leaks along the valleys.
  • Roof penetrations: For various penetration types, such as for skylights, plumbing vents, or other roof accessories, it’s important to use an ice and water barrier product around the perimeter of these penetrations as well. This helps prevent any moisture from seeping underneath the shingle system and causing potential damage.
  • Entire roof: In other cases, a roof may be covered completely with an ice and water barrier in order to provide extra protection against any moisture-related issues.

Should You Install Barriers?

Whether you’re ordering a new roof or considering your current roof maintenance plan, taking the time to consider installing ice and water barriers can help protect your home or building against a range of potential risks related to moisture. It’s important to consult with a professional contractor in order to understand the specific needs for your roof system, as well as any additional considerations that may need to be taken into account.

In many cases, a professional will recommend installing barriers if you’ve had prior moisture-related issues or if you live in an area with extreme weather conditions. However, even if these factors don’t necessarily apply to your situation, it’s still worth considering, as the extra layer of protection provided by a barrier can be valuable in preventing future headaches.

For more on ice and water barriers for your roof, or to learn about any of our roof installation or replacement services, speak to our team at The Roof Doctor today.

Roofing Themes to Consider If You’ve Just Bought a New Home

roofing themes new home

There are a number of specific components you may be thinking about if you’ve recently purchased a home and are assessing its quality, and one area that cannot be overlooked here is the roof. Even if you’ve been diligent in your purchasing process and have bought a home with a quality roof that’s relatively new, there will be a point at which you have to consider certain repairs or other fixes, and priming yourself for this ahead of time is valuable.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re happy to help. We assist any and all clients with their residential roofing needs of all shapes and sizes, whether you have specific and immediate roofing issues that need addressing or are simply looking for a long-term partner for roof inspections and care. What are a few simple tips we offer to new homeowners on how to assess and understand their new roofing setup? Here are a few valuable themes.

Pre-Purchase Roofing Considerations

Firstly, we also want to speak briefly to those who are still in the process of negotiating a home purchase. It’s so important that you do not overlook the roof during this time! If you’re working with a quality real estate agent, they will hopefully bring any big-ticket items to your attention.

But it’s always good to get a second opinion, and if you have any doubts whatsoever about the state of the roof, it is worth getting a roofing professional to take a look. This is a significant investment, and you want to be as confident as possible in every element of the purchase.

Take a Quick Look

When you’ve finalized your purchase and are moving into your new home, take a few minutes whenever it’s convenient to just walk around the property and check out the roof from different angles. It doesn’t have to be a comprehensive or exhaustive inspection, but getting a general sense of its condition and any potential problem areas is valuable.

Of course, if you see anything that looks like an immediate issue, don’t hesitate to give us a call right away! We’ll be happy to help. But as much as anything else, this is just an opportunity to familiarize yourself with one of the most important components of your new home. How does your roof slope? Where are the gutters and downspouts located? Just getting a general sense of these basic details is helpful.

Know Your Primary Roofing Material

Another big theme to consider is your primary roofing material, as this will obviously have a big impact on the care and maintenance required over time. At The Roof Doctor, we work with all sorts of common roofing materials, including asphalt shingles, metal roofs, tile roofs, and more.

Asphalt shingles are by far the most common, and they offer a number of advantages in terms of cost, installation, and repair. But every material has its own quirks and benefits, so it’s worth doing a bit of research on your specific setup. This will help you understand what to expect down the road.

If you can’t tell which roofing material you have, or if you have any questions whatsoever, please don’t hesitate to reach out and ask. We’re always happy to help new homeowners get a handle on their roofing situation.

Care for Your Gutters

While gutters are technically separate from your roof, there’s no question these components are closely related, and they work together to protect your home from water damage. As such, it’s important to make sure your gutters are in good condition and properly maintained.

The gutters should be cleared of any debris on a regular basis, and you also want to be on the lookout for any signs of sagging or other damage. These issues can often be addressed relatively easily, but it’s important to catch them early before they become bigger problems.

Check Interior Ceilings

Both during your initial walk-around inspection and on a regular basis thereafter, it’s also a good idea to take a quick look at the ceilings in your home for any signs of water damage. This can obviously be a sign that there’s an issue with your roof, but it can also indicate problems with your gutters or downspouts.

In any case, if you see any signs of water damage in your home, it’s important to call a professional right away to assess the situation and make any necessary repairs.

Monitor for Shingle Granules

If you have an asphalt shingle roof, another big theme to be aware of is shingle granules. These are the small pieces of stone or other material that make up the surface of the shingles, and over time, they can begin to degrade and fall off.

This is a normal part of the asphalt shingle roof lifecycle, but it’s important to keep an eye on granule loss to ensure it’s not happening at an accelerated rate. This could be a sign of a bigger problem, and it’s something we can help you assess and address.

Leave Repairs to the Pros

Whether immediately upon moving into your new home or at some point in the future, you may be tempted to take on roofing repairs yourself if you notice any issues. But as much as we understand the DIY impulse, this is almost always a bad idea.

Roofing repairs can be dangerous, and they often require specialized tools and materials. It’s almost always better to leave repairs to the professionals. Not only will this ensure the job is done right, but it will also help you avoid any potential accidents or injuries.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re here to help new homeowners with all their roofing needs, from inspections and repairs to maintenance and more. If you have any questions or concerns, please don’t hesitate to give us a call.

Breaking Down Roofing and Attic Ventilation Options

roofing attic ventilation options

There are a few concepts that will be important for the long-term care of your roof and related home components, and one of these is the theme of ventilation. This is a concept that covers both the roof itself and the attic area that typically lays underneath the roof, and it’s important for ensuring that several possible threats aren’t able to form or grow in this area.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re happy to assist Salt Lake City and nearby clients with a huge range of roof replacements, roof repairs and many other roofing services. We regularly help clients with all their roof and attic ventilation needs, including informing them of their various vent type options and which would likely be ideal for their roof. Why are roof vents important in the first place, and what are some of the main options available in this area? Here’s a simple primer.

Why Roof Vents Are Important

First and foremost, let’s go over why roof vents are important — which starts with a breakdown of the two general roof vent types:

  • Intake vents: These vents bring fresh air into the attic, and they do so by opening up small spaces in the lower part of the roof.
  • Exhaust vents: These vents help to push hot air out of the attic, and they do this by opening up small spaces near the peak of the roof.

You might be wondering why you need both types of vents — after all, couldn’t you just have exhaust vents to get rid of the hot air? The answer is that you need both types to create a continuous airflow, which helps to ensure that the temperature in the attic stays regulated. It also helps to prevent moisture buildup, which can cause all sorts of problems like mold growth and wood rot.

Not only this, but this kind of dual setup also keeps the air from your attic out of the rest of your home, which is important for maintaining good indoor air quality. Our next several sections will go over the different types of roof/attic ventilation that are available, plus which might be ideal for your setup.

Box Vents

Also known as low-profile vents or “static” vents, box vents are a type of exhaust vent that contain absolutely no moving parts of any kind. They’re installed on top of a hole that’s cut into the roof, with their main purpose being to let hot air escape while also keeping rain, snow and other debris from getting into the attic.

One of the main advantages of box vents is that they’re incredibly easy to install, which helps to keep costs down. Not only this, but they don’t require any kind of maintenance whatsoever since they don’t have any moving parts. The tradeoff is that they’re not as effective at removing hot air from the attic as some of the other options on this list, which is why they’re typically used in conjunction with another type of vent.

Wind Turbines

Another “passive” form of exhaust vent is the wind turbine, which is also known by the name “whirlybird.” These vents don’t have any moving parts either, and they work by using the wind to create a kind of suction that pulls hot air out of the attic.

Wind turbines are often used in conjunction with box vents or other types of exhaust vents, and they can be a great way to supplement the ventilation in your attic. That said, they’re not right for every situation — especially if you live in an area with very little wind, in which case they might not do much of anything.

Ridge Vents

Also known as continuous ridge vents, these exhaust vents are installed on the ridge of the roof, which is the horizontal line that runs along the peak. They work by providing an unobstructed path for hot air to escape, and they’re often used in conjunction with soffit vents (more on these in a second).

One of the main advantages of ridge vents is that they’re very effective at removing hot air from the attic, and they can even be used as the sole form of ventilation in some cases. That said, they can be difficult and costly to install — especially if your roof isn’t designed to accommodate them.

Soffit Vents

As we just mentioned, soffit vents are installed on the soffits of a roof, which is the area where the roof overhang meets the exterior wall of the house. These vents work by providing a way for air to flow into the attic, which helps to balance out the airflow and prevents hot air from getting trapped.

Soffit vents are a great option for most homes, and they can be used in conjunction with other types of vents. They’re commonly utilized alongside ridge vents, for instance.

Power Vents

These vents utilize fans that are powered by electricity, and they’re often used in attics that are particularly large or poorly ventilated. Power vents work by actively drawing air out of the attic, which helps to ensure that the temperature stays regulated.

Cupola Vents

While these are sometimes considered decorative features, cupola vents can actually be quite functional as well. They work in a similar way to ridge vents, providing an unobstructed path for hot air to escape.

Gable Vents

Finally, gable vents are quite high up on the side of your home, and can work as either an intake or exhaust vent depending on how they’re installed. These vents are often used in conjunction with soffit vents to ensure proper airflow.

To learn more about any of your roof and attic ventilation options, or for more on our roof repairs or other roofing services in SLC or nearby areas, speak to our team at The Roof Doctor today.

On Fire and Resistance Ratings for Asphalt Roof Shingles

fire resistance ratings roof shingles

The primary job of any roof is to protect building occupants from risks of any kind, and these include major disaster risks like fire, floods and related areas. With regard to these kinds of disasters and major threats, one of the most important components on your roof is shingles, which are primarily made from asphalt.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re here to assist Salt Lake City and other Utah clients with a wide range of roof needs, including roof replacement, roof repairs and more. When installing any kind of new roof, we’ll be sure to inform you of basic qualities like fire resistance and others in this realm, as we know how important protection from these kinds of risks is to you and your family. Here are some basics on the ranges of protection you’ll typically see in these areas when utilizing asphalt shingles, plus what to be thinking about with regard to these kinds of threats.

Fire Ratings

Especially in a place like Utah, where extremely dry conditions in the summer can sometimes lead to fire risks, it’s vital to know that your roof can put up a good fight in the event of a fire. All asphalt shingles will come with some kind of fire rating, which is generally either Class A, B or C. Here’s a look at what these different ratings actually mean:

Class A: This is the highest possible rating and means that the shingles give the roof deck a “high” degree of fire resistance. In order to receive this rating, the shingles must be tested in accordance with ASTM E108 or UL 790 and found to have a self-ignition temperature of more than 650 degrees Fahrenheit (F).

Class B: This is the second highest rating and means that the shingles give the roof deck a “moderate” degree of fire resistance. In order to receive this rating, the shingles must be tested in accordance with ASTM E108 or UL 790 and found to have a self-ignition temperature of more than 575 degrees Fahrenheit (F).

Class C: This is the lowest possible rating and means that the shingles give the roof a “slight” degree of fire resistance. In order to receive this rating, the shingles must be tested in accordance with ASTM E108 or UL 790 and found to have a self-ignition temperature of more than 450 degrees Fahrenheit (F).

As you can see, there’s quite a range in protection levels here, so it’s important that you be aware of them and know which is best for your needs. Typically, Class A is the best option if it’s available to you, as this gives the highest level of protection.

Now, fire resistance is not the only important theme in this overall realm. Our next few sections will look at some other vital factors to ask about when installing new roofs or shingles.

Wind Resistance

Another important factor to consider is wind resistance, as this can be vital in protecting your roof (and therefore your home or business) from damage in high winds. All asphalt shingles will come with a wind rating that’s generally anywhere from 70 to 150 MPH of protection.

This is generally plenty for most needs, but if you live in an area that’s particularly prone to high winds (such as near the coast), you may want to consider shingles that offer even higher protection in this realm. For instance, shingles installed with an Owens Corning or similar high-level sealant may be able to resist higher wind speeds.

Algae Resistance

Another factor to consider is algae resistance. This is particularly important in areas with high humidity levels or that are prone to moss and other growths. All shingles will come with an algae resistance rating, which is generally either Class I, II or III. Here’s a look at what these different ratings actually mean:

Class I: This is the highest possible rating and means that the shingles are highly resistant to algae growth.

Class II: This is the second highest rating and means that the shingles are moderately resistant to algae growth.

Class III: This is the lowest possible rating and means that the shingles are slightly resistant to algae growth.

As you can see, there’s quite a range in protection levels here, so it’s important that you be aware of them and know which is best for your needs. Typically, Class I is the best option if it’s available to you, as this gives the highest level of protection.

Also important here is the type of sealing used on the shingles. Some types of sealants are more resistant to algae growth than others, so this is something to ask about when you’re shopping for shingles.


Another form of protection that’s absolutely vital for any roof is watertightness. This is what keeps your home or business dry during rainstorms, snowstorms and other inclement weather. All shingles will come with a watertightness rating that’s generally anywhere from 1 to 10.

The higher the number, the more waterproof the shingles are. So, for instance, shingles with a rating of 10 are the most waterproof on the market, while those with a rating of 1 are the least waterproof.

As you can see, there’s quite a range in protection levels here, so it’s important that you be aware of them and know which is best for your needs. Typically, the higher the number, the better, as this gives the highest level of protection.

There are a few different things that go into a shingle’s watertightness rating. One is the type of asphalt used, as some types are more waterproof than others. Another is the type of sealant used, as some types are more waterproof than others.

For more on how asphalt shingles protect your roof from various disaster threats, or to learn about any of our roofing services in SLC or nearby areas, speak to the pros at The Roof Doctor today.

All You Need to Know About Roof Flashing

need know roof flashing

There are a few components within many roofs that it’s worth knowing about as a resident or building owner, and one of these that sometimes doesn’t get enough attention is flashing. Flashing is a component that plays a major role in preventing leaks and related issues on the roof area, and knowing about it will help you understand how it works, when it might require repairs, and more.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re here to offer a huge range of residential roofing services, including anything you might need involving your flashing. What exactly is roof flashing, what are its top purposes, and what are some various types of flashing that might be useful for your roof? Here’s a basic primer.

Basics on Roof Flashing

For those unaware, roof flashing refers to a component that acts as a preventive seal between the joints in your roof. These joints are particularly vulnerable to leaks, as they provide potential spaces for water and other materials to enter. Flashing is installed over these joints in order to make sure that they’re well-sealed and won’t cause any issues.

Flashing is made out of a variety of different materials, including metals like aluminum, galvanized steel, or copper. In some cases, flashing might also be made out of asphalt-based materials, plastic, or even rubber. The specific material used will often depend on the location and purpose of the flashing itself, and may also be dictated by the type of roof that you have.

The Purpose of Roof Flashing

There are a few key purposes that roof flashing typically serves. First, as we’ve noted, it helps to seal up any joints in the roof and prevent leaks. In addition, flashing can also help to direct water away from areas where it might cause damage, such as near the chimney. Flashing can also help to hold shingles in place, and may even provide additional support for gutters or other components.

In short, roof flashing plays a vital role in protecting your home from water damage, and making sure that your roof lasts for as long as possible. It’s important to keep an eye on your flashing and make sure that it’s in good condition, as any issues with flashing can lead to significant problems down the line.

Areas Where Flashing is Typically Used

In addition to roof joints, there are a number of specific parts of a roof where flashing will often be used. These areas are those where leaks are more likely than in other areas of the roof, and they include:

  • Dormer wall roof surfaces: These are the slanted walls that project outwards from a pitched roof, and they often have windows. This kind of roof surface is particularly vulnerable to leaks.
  • Chimneys: The base of a chimney is another spot where water can enter, and flashing helps to seal it off.
  • Valleys: A valley is the point where two sloped roof surfaces meet, forming a V shape. These are also prone to leaks if not properly sealed. Luckily, using flashing in these areas can help.
  • Skylights: Skylights are another potential leak point, as they’re essentially holes in the roof. Flashing helps to seal them off and prevent any water or other materials from getting inside.

Types of Flashing

When it comes to the types of flashing available, they’re broken down in a few different ways. Some are based specifically on the area of the roof they’re meant to go in, while others are just a general type that can be attached to multiple different roof areas. Here are some of the top options available:

  • Chimney: One of the more specific types of flashing, chimney flashing is installed around the base of a chimney. It’s usually made out of metal, and can help to seal off this vulnerable area.
  • Valley: As we touched on above, valley flashing is installed in the valleys of a roof. Again, this is usually made out of metal, and can help to prevent leaks in these areas.
  • Vent pipe: Vent pipe flashing, on the other hand, is meant to be applied over pipes and flues on your roof, with a cone-shaped design that helps to seal them off. It also has a base flange that fits into the shingles of the roof.
  • Step: If you have a sloped roof or vertical wall that needs flashing, step flashing is a good option. This type of flashing is installed in sections, with each section overlapping the one below it. This helps to create a watertight seal that can prevent leaks. The step seal often contains drip edges to prevent water seeping under the surface at the eaves.
  • Integral: Integral flashing is often used alongside step flashing, particularly when skylights or other openings are present. This type is usually made out of the same material as the rest of the roof, and helps to seal off these vulnerable areas.
  • Saddle: For things like railing attachments, joists and beams, and other such areas, saddle flashing is a good option. This type of flashing is usually made out of metal or plastic, and helps to seal these areas off to prevent leaks.

As you can see, there are a number of different types of flashing available, each of which can be used in specific areas to help prevent leaks. Knowing which type is right for your roof will help you make sure that it’s properly sealed off and protected from the elements.

For more on roof flashing, or to learn about any of our roofing or related services, speak to the team at The Roof Doctor today.

How to Identify Missing Shingles on Your Roof

identify missing shingles roof

There are several important components to most roofs, and shingles are among these in nearly every case. Shingles serve as your roof’s primary form of protection against various elements, from moisture on down the list, and one of the more common roof issues out there today is shingles that are missing from the roof area.

At The Roof Doctor, we’re happy to offer a wide variety of roof repairs and roof replacements, and shingles are a common theme we assist clients with on a regular basis. As a home or building owner, you can play an important role here: Identifying when shingles are missing or otherwise having issues, so that you can call our team for help with replacing or repairing them. What are some of the simplest ways to identify missing shingles on the roof? Here are several basic themes to consider.

Visual Inspection

The simplest and most common way of identifying missing shingles is also the most obvious: Take a look at your roof. If you can see any large patches of exposed roofing material where there should be shingles, there’s a good chance shingles are missing.

The easiest way to do this is to stay on the ground and utilize a pair of quality binoculars, which will help you get a closer look at the roofline without putting yourself in any danger. If you don’t have binoculars, see if there’s somebody else who does (maybe a neighbor or family member) that can help you out.

Another way to do this is to physically get on the roof, which we do not recommend unless you’ve been up there before and are comfortable with the safety themes required. This route should only be taken if you have trouble seeing the roof from the ground, and even then we recommend having somebody else on the ground to help guide you and make sure you’re safe.

If there are any large bald spots or patches where shingles are definitely missing, take note of them. If possible, try to find any smaller areas too, as they may not be as immediately noticeable but still indicate that shingles need to be replaced.

Now, if you find a few missing granules that should be present on your shingles, this usually isn’t anything to be overly concerned about. Shingles will lose some of their granules over time as they protect your roof, and a few missing granules here or there isn’t going to cause any serious damage. Just make sure you’re monitoring the situation so that it doesn’t escalate, and if you ever find a large number of granules in your gutters that’s definitely a sign you should give our team a call as soon as possible.

Other Possible Missing Shingle Indicators

While visual inspections are by far the simplest and most common way of identifying missing shingles, they aren’t the only ones. In some cases, certain other signs taking place within the structure, or even on the surrounding property, may give you some signs that this is happening. Here are some examples:

  • Large quantities of granules: If you’re finding lots of granules, either on the ground around your roof or in your gutters themselves, this is a good indicator that shingles are missing and need to be replaced. As we noted above, just a few missing granules aren’t anything to worry about, but larger quantities definitely are.
  • Leaks: If you’re starting to see leaks in your roof, or even just water stains on the ceiling, this may be a sign that shingles are missing and need to be replaced. In some cases leaks can also indicate other roofing issues as well, but this is definitely something to have our team take a look at as soon as possible.
  • Missing insulation: If you’ve noticed that your energy bills have been rising for no apparent reason, it’s possible that shingles are missing and heat or cold is escaping from your home. In some cases, you may even be able to see the insulation itself missing if you take a look in your attic.
  • Light shining through: This one’s a bit more difficult to notice, but if you go into your attic on a sunny day and see sunlight shining through, it’s possible that shingles are missing and need to be replaced.

If you’ve noticed any of these signs, or anything else that you believe may indicate that shingles are missing, don’t hesitate to give our team a call. We’ll be more than happy to take a look and let you know for sure, and we can also provide a free estimate for any repairs that may need to be done.

Professional Inspection

If you’re confident something is going on with your roof, but you’re having trouble really nailing down what the problem is, our team here at The Roof Doctor would be more than happy to come out and take a look. We’ll be able to quickly and easily identify any issues that may be present, and we can also provide a free estimate for any repairs that need to be done.

Professionals like ours utilize several methods for identifying missing shingles, including both visual inspections and special infrared cameras. We may even utilize drones, which can view the roof from above without risking anyone’s safety. In most cases, we’ll be able to find any areas that are missing shingles and provide a detailed report on what needs to be done to fix the problem. We can also work with your insurance company if necessary to make sure you get the coverage you need.

For more on how to identify missing shingles on your roof, or to learn about any of our roof repair or replacement services, speak to our team at The Roof Doctor today.

Modern Roofing Advancements for Your New Roof

modern roofing advancements new roof

If you’re in need of a new roof, whether for new home construction or for an existing home or building, your options are far more robust than they would have been for someone in your position even a decade or two ago. Improvements in roofing materials and technology have come a long way in a short time, and you now have a wide range of modern choices for the way you go about installing a new roof.

At The Roof Doctor, we can’t wait to assist you with these and any related needs. We offer roof installations and roof replacements for a variety of homes and structures, utilizing many modern themes and materials that can benefit you in a whole host of ways. What are some of the newer roof advancements that you might consider for any new roof you’re in the process of having installed? Here are several.

Cool Roof Shingles

When we talk about “cool roof” shingles, we’re actually referring to a form of reflective paint that’s applied to your roof’s surface. This paint is specially formulated to reflect solar energy back into the atmosphere rather than absorbing it, which is what typically happens with darker shingles. Your indoor cooling bill can be greatly reduced by replacing an old, dark roof with a newer cool roof alternative.

Early on in its uses, this paint may not have been very cost-effective — it was messy and may have interfered with shingle operations. Today, however, this paint has been refined to a point where it’s an undeniable and sensible option for those who are in need of a new roof. It can lower the surface temperature of your home’s roof by as much as 40 degrees Fahrenheit, which not only keeps your home cooler but is also a major benefit to anyone who lives within its walls.

Synthetic Underlayment

An important but often-underplayed element of any roof is the underlayment, which is the material that’s installed beneath your shingles or tiles. It serves a crucial purpose in keeping your roof watertight and in mitigating the effects of any possible damage between the time when your roof is installed and when you have it replaced a few decades down the road.

Traditional underlayment, though effective, has typically been made from organic felt paper. The advent of synthetic underlayment, however, has changed the game in a few crucial ways. First, it’s much more durable than felt paper, which means it can better protect your roof over the long haul. Second, it’s also lighter and easier to work with, which makes installation quicker and less labor-intensive.

Furthermore, this form of polyurethane underlayment is far better in terms of moisture resistance and any possible water damage, as it can be designed to be waterproof. The result is a longer-lasting underlayment that’s more resistant to mold, mildew, and rot. It’s also resistant to UV rays and other outdoor elements (which means you’ll have less work to do in terms of maintenance) — and maybe best of all, tends to look better than other underlayment options due to its thinness.

If you’re in the market for a new roof, there are several reasons to strongly consider a synthetic underlayment instead of an older felt option.

Architectural Shingles

Another shingle variation that’s exploded in popularity in recent years is the architectural shingle, which refers to a lamination of two or more traditional asphalt shingles together. This creates a 3-D appearance that’s far more attractive, along with a stronger roofing surface that can better handle the elements.

Architectural shingles also tend to be less expensive than their traditional counterparts, and they’re thinner as well — which means you’ll have an easier time installing them and getting the job done in a shorter amount of time. Thus, if you’re looking for a roof that looks great and will also save you some money in terms of installation costs, architectural shingles are definitely worth considering.

In fact, when homeowners are preparing to list their homes on the market for sale, it’s often recommended that they upgrade their roofs by installing architectural shingles. This can not only improve the curb appeal of a home, but it can also raise or restore its resale value — which helps homeowners sell their homes faster, with less hassle and for more money.

Storm Preparation

Especially if you live in any area where severe storms are common, you need to be sure your roof is up to the task of protecting your home against high winds and heavy rains. There are a few different ways to do this, but one of the most effective is to choose impact-resistant shingles for your new roof. These types of shingles have been shown to withstand significant impacts from both wind and hail, making them the perfect option for homeowners in areas where high winds are frequent.

Another way you can make sure your roof is ready for whatever may come its way is to install impact-resistant gutters and downspouts. This can limit the amount of water that accumulates on your roof during a storm, which in turn helps to reduce the likelihood of any damage being done by high winds or heavy rains.

Finally, you should also consider having your roof inspected by a professional before every major storm season. This can help you identify any potential weak spots or areas of concern, so you can address them before they become a bigger problem down the line.

For more on some of the modern roof materials or themes you might consider when installing a new roof on your property, or to learn about any of our roof installation or roof repair services, speak to the team at The Roof Doctor today.