Although a roof might seem like it is all one unit, there are actually many components of an asphalt shingle roof system.
Asphalt shingles are available in a wide range of colors, textures, styles, and profiles. With so much versatility, it is no surprise they cover about 80% of homes in the United States.
Here is a quick guide to six of the key components of this popular roofing option.
1. Asphalt Shingles
Asphalt shingles are sometimes referred to as composite shingles. In its basic form, an asphalt shingle consists of a base of either organic felt or fiberglass materials. Its full components vary by manufacturer, but most singles only contain 5 to 35 percent asphalt.
There are organic, algae-resistant, and fiberglass asphalt shingles to choose from. Organic shingles are made from waste paper that is saturated in asphalt, making them waterproof. Algae-resistant shingles are ceramically coated to protect your roof from algae discoloration. Fiberglass shingles provide more fire resistance than other shingles.
2. Starter Strips
Starter strips are essential components of an asphalt shingle roof. They serve many purposes, including:
- Ensuring that your shingles are properly installed
- Aiding the water-shedding function
- Increasing your roof’s wind resistance
- Providing a straighter line
Your roof underlayment adds a layer of protection between your shingles and your home. This water-resistant material provides:
- Added protection against severe weather
- A seal that prevents water infiltration
- More stability
4. Ice and Water Barriers
During the winter season, ice and water barriers play a crucial role in protecting the areas of your roof that are most vulnerable to water damage. These areas include valleys, asphalt shingles, and the chimney.
5. Hip and Ridge Shingles
The “hip and ridge” is the point in your roof where two slopes intersect. Hip and ridge shingles add an aesthetic appeal to your roof by covering up that intersection. These products also protect against water infiltration.
6. Ventilation System
Roof ventilation systems are designed to provide continuous airflow in attic spaces. They balance the intake of cool air and the outflow of warm air. In turn, this prevents heat and moisture buildup, which can cause mold growth. A well-ventilated attic prevents roof deterioration and prolongs the lifespan of your shingles.
Contact The Roof Doctor
The roofing specialists at The Roof Doctor are fully trained on all of the components of an asphalt shingle roof. These shingles are the most popular roofing option for a reason, and The Roof Doctor offers a wide variety of materials, sizes, and designs to suit your needs and style.
We are proud to provide quality roof installations and repairs throughout Salt Lake City, Tooele, Ogden, Layton, Bountiful, Orem, Provo, and everywhere in between in Utah. Contact us for a free roofing estimate today!